A series of spacecraft “Bion-M” was developed in the RCC “Progress” specifically for scientific research involving laboratory animals. The launch of the next “Biona-M2” will beat the altitude record for this type of satellite – more than 800 km, which is much higher than the current working orbit of the ISS. The first satellite was launched 3 years ago in April 2013.
Roskosmos plans to send two more Bionov-M into orbit with an interval of 4 years – in 2021 and 2025. Their “crews” are small laboratory animals, mostly mice. About 20 sets of scientific equipment will be placed on biosatellites, with the help of which nearly three dozen different experiments will be carried out. In particular, during experiments with mice, the effects of weightlessness and radiation will be studied, which will help in the future to create systems for ensuring long-duration space flights.
In comparison with the first “Bionom-M” on two new space vehicles, it is planned to install a new video surveillance system for animals and lithium-ion batteries, which were previously “run-in” on the ICA “Aist-2D” . Scientists of the Institute of Biomedical Problems are also going to conduct experiments on microbial processing of waste of vital activity, which is especially important during long flights.